Dissertation and the dissertation-argumentative essay

The dissertation and the argumentative-essay text are texts that have the purpose of promoting a reflection on one subject, the second one with a view to persuasion.

There are some differences between the dissertation and the argumentative-essay text. It is important to be attentive to what differentiates a textual type or genre from others, since these differences are decisive for the texts to fulfill their objectives as they circulate in society. This is because there are texts that circulate in the same media, such as a newspaper, but that are there to fulfill different objectives: inform, convince, sell, congratulate, entertain etc.

There are texts that fulfill other objectives besides the dissertation, such as Narrative, Descriptive, Expositive and Injunctive, which represent the structural basis of discursive genres such as stories, fables, letters, articles, cartoons, minutes, reports, recipes, etc.

Let us see, then, what differentiates the dissertation from the argumentative-essay text.


We can say that the dissertation is a type of text. It is the structural basis of several discursive genres that have, among other purposes, to reflect and inform someone about a subject.

The dissertation is written in prose, that is, structured by periods and paragraphs (unlike a poem or a song, for example, which are structured in verses and stanzas). The dissertation structure must present at least three paragraphs: introduction, development and conclusion.

The objective of the dissertation is to inform the reader about a subject, to expose data, research and the opinion of professionals that can clarify the readers on the subject in the society. The author of the dissertation is able to analyze the thematic axis, exposing positives and negatives on the subject so that, in this way, the reader informs and position itself individually. This means that there is no personal opinion of the author in the Dissertation, but rather, elements that can help the reader to reflect critically and formulate their points of view.

Read the excerpt from a dissertation:

  • Greenhouse effect
  • (Eduardo de Freitas)

The greenhouse effect is meant to prevent the Earth from getting too cold, because if the Earth had very low temperatures, we certainly would not have so many varieties of life. However, recent studies by researchers and scientists, especially in the 20th century, have indicated that anthropic actions (human actions) have aggravated this process by emitting gases in the atmosphere, especially CO2.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is produced from the burning of fossil fuels used in motor vehicles powered by gasoline and diesel oil. This is not the only agent that contributes to the emission of gases, there are others such as forest fires, pastures and crops after harvest.

With the intense growth of the emission of gases and also of dust, the temperature of the air has an increase of approximately 2oC in the medium term. If there is no retrocession in the emission of gases, this phenomenon will cause a multitude of modifications in the natural space and, automatically, in the life of the man.

Let us see, then, the characteristics of the argumentative-essay text:

  • Dissertation-argumentative text

The dissertation-argumentative text has all the characteristics of the dissertation regarding the structural basis and some objectives. However, in the essay-argumentative text, the author must select information, facts, opinions and arguments in defense of a central thesis on the subject.

The thesis is the general opinion of the author on the subject. Generally, it is constructed from the relations of causes and consequences that surround the theme. Throughout the text, the author exposes the information and his points of view (negative or positive) in order to support his initial thesis and persuade the reader.

Both the thesis and the author’s views on the information contained in the text must be clear and objective. In order for the author to be able to convince the reader to accept his point of view, he must select, organize and relate consistent arguments, that is, those that can be proven from veridical information: research, reports and mobilization of other voices of authority in the text to agree or refute their ideas, such as researchers, philosophers, scholars, sociologists, professionals of the area, etc.

Read a dissertation-argumentative text:

  • Disorder and progress

The attitude that a large part of society plays with regard to the preservation of the environment is condemnable. Despite the many ecological disasters that occur all too often, the population remains “blind” and the worst is that blindness is by choice.

I’m no expert on the subject, but it does not have to be to realize that the Planet is not well. Tsunamis, earthquakes, melting glaciers, among other phenomena, scare the earth’s population, especially in developed countries – the biggest polluters of the planet – would this be a coincidence? Or perhaps the clearest response of nature against neglect of the future of the Earth? I believe in the second option.

While the greedy man is engaged in a frantic search for progress, time passes and the situation takes on alarming proportions. Where is such sustainable development that is – or was it – primordial? We know that progress is inevitable and indispensable for a society to develop and reach the climax of its potentialities, but is it worth conquering this progress at the expense of the destruction of the fauna, flora and quality of life that nature provides us? We can not remain blind to this reality. We are rational beings in full exercise of our faculties, we do not have the right to destroy ourselves in exchange for notes with monetary values that ironically stamp animal species in their verses. Progress and nature can coexist, but for this, it is necessary for us – the terrestrial population – to become aware of our responsibility for the place we inhabit and to put into practice what in theory seems to work.

Now that you already know the differences between the dissertation and the essay-argumentative text, how about reading more examples to then start your writing production? Good studies!

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